Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)- Vivah Muhurat -Wedding Dates- Hindu Marriage Dates
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)- Vivah Muhurat -Wedding Dates- Hindu Marriage Dates

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)- Vivah Muhurat -Wedding Dates- Hindu Marriage Dates

India is a land soaked in culture and traditions. The Wedding Rituals in India are a striking display of the rich cultural heritage of the country. Indian weddings vary immensely from one part of the country to another, since the diverse cultures that are unique to different states and regions add a special flavour to the weddings there. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)- Vivah Muhurat -Wedding Dates- Hindu Marriage Dates is attempt to answer various questions which arises while deciding the auspicious muhurtham


How Vivah Muhurtham or Hindu Marriage dates are calculated

There is no single way to calculate Vivah Muhurtham or Auspicious wedding Dates. There are various factors that are used while calculating auspicious Hindu Marriage Dates. The following step is just an illustration of one the commonly used method, however method may differ with various astrologers.

Vivah Muhurat is calculated with the help of Panchang. The Panchang comprises Vaar or Din, Tithi, Nakshatra (Constellations), Yoga, and Karna. Wedding muhurat may also use the birth chart of the concerned persons.

Selection of Day & Date

  • Avoid
    • When beneficial planets like Guru (Jupiter) and Venus are asta (combust) by Surya (sun).
    • Many astrologers avoid weddings when Surya (Sun) transits Dhanu (Sagittarius) and Meen (Pisces)
    • Certain lunar months –  Adhik Masa, Kshaya Masa and Chaturmas
  • Pitru Paksha or Mahalaya Shraddha
    • Soonya maasa(sun in pisces, gemini, virgo, sagittarius)
  • Pick up a day
    • After removing all those dates, pick a day during good nakshatras
    • when moon transits in these constellations (nakshatras): Rohini, Mrigasira, Magha, Uttara, Hastha, Swathi, Anuradha, Moola, Uttarashada, Uttarabhadra, Revathi. These days are considered as best
    • When moon transits Aswini, Chitra, Sravanam, Dhanista, it is believed to be moderate day for marriage
    • Rest of the months should be avoided
  • Pick up a Date
    • Also, in a lunar month, pick only 2,3,5,7,10,11,12,13,15 dates
    • However, many astrologers use other dates too
    • The date after newmoonday (amavasya) is also considered as good
  • Pick up a Day
    • Best Days: Monday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday
    • Moderate days: Sunday, Saturday
    • Avoid day: Tuesday.
    • However, many astrologers believe Tuesday is also a good day
  • By following above method normally date and day are selected

Selection of Lagna (Ascendant) for timing

  • Once date is decided, we can select lagna (ascendant or rising sign) so that 7th house is vacant.
    • Only moon closer to Purnima/ full moon day is exempted in few cases
  • Best Lagna: Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Virgo, Libra, Sagittarius and Pisces
    • Jupiter or Venus should be in lagna or aspecting it
    • It will be the best possible time
  • Avoid : All evil planets like Rahu, Ketu, Shani (Saturn), Surya (Sun), Mangal (Mars) should be avoided placement or aspect on 7th house
  • Also, Mangal (Mars) should not be placed in 8th house of muhurtham and Sukra (Venus) should not be in 6th house.

Auspicious Wedding Muhurtham – Vivah Muhurta Statewise

Kindly click on below links to check the muhurta :


List of Auspicious Nakshatras for Marriage Dates

There are 27 Nakshatras or lunar constellations. It is widely believed that Marriage performed during these 11 Nakshatras confers the couple with happy healthy and prosperous life. These 11 Nakshatras that are considered auspicious/ shubh for marriage:

  1. Rohini (4th Nakshatra)
  2. Mrigashirsha (5th Nakshatra)
  3. Magha (10th Nakshatra)
  4. Uttara Phalguni (12th Nakshatra)
  5. Hasta (13th Nakshatra)
  6. Swati (15th Nakshatra)
  7. Anuradha (17th Nakshatra)
  8. Mula or Moola(19th Nakshatra)
  9. Uttara Ashadha (21st Nakshatra)
  10. Uttara Bhadrapada (26th Nakshatra)
  11. Revati (27th Nakshatra)

However

  • 1st quarter of Magha/Makha is inauspicious
  • 1st quarter of Moola is inauspicious
  • Last quarter of Revati is inauspicious
  • Also, many astrologers avoid Uttara Phalguni. Since Lord Rama and Goddess Sita were married during Uttara Phalguni and they had difficult married life

List of inauspicious Yoga or Ashubh Yog for Vivah Muhurtham

Out of total 27 yogas, only 8 Yogas are considered Ashubh or inauspicious for marriage. It is believed that marriages held during below given 8 Yogas results in some kind of misfortune such as death of spouse, illness or bad married life. Hence These 8 yoga must be avoided while selecting Vivah Muhurat -Wedding Dates- Hindu Marriage Dates

  1. Atiganda (6th Yoga)
  2. Shula (9th Yoga)
  3. Ganda (10th Yoga)
  4. Vyaghata (13th Yoga)
  5. Vyatipata (17th Yoga)
  6. Parigha (19th Yoga)
  7. Indra (26th Yoga)
  8. Vaidhriti (27th Yoga)

Auspicious Weekday and Tithis for Hindu Marriage Dates

  • Weekday
    • Monday, Wednesday, Thursday and Friday are considered auspicious
    • Tuesdays are not considered auspicious for marriages.
  • Tithis
    • Dwitiya (2), Tritiya (3), Panchami (5), Saptami (7), Ekadashi (11) and Trayodashi (13) are considered auspicious
    • Rikta Tithis Chaturthi (4), Navami (9), Chaturdashi (14) are considered auspicious and shpod be avoided
  • However, Tithis and weekdays are given less important while selecting marriage dates. Hence these dates will be present in out list of auspicious marriage muhurtham

During which Months/Period Hindu wedding are not performed ?

Normally during following period any auspicious activities should be avoided

  • Adhika Masa (Mal Masa / Purshottam Masa)- Th extra month in the Hindu calendar that is inserted to keep the lunar and solar calendars aligned. It come every 3 year. Attach video by Artha may help you understand more about Adhik Masa
  • Chaturmas – The 4 months period corresponding with the monsoons in India. During during this time, Lord Vishnu is considered to be asleep. However more than the spiritual reasons, it was to avoid inconvenience during rain, period was forbidden. Watch chaturmas video by Charam Mangal to understand more about the period
  • Pitru Paksha – The 16 lunar day period in Hindu calendar when Hindus pay homage to their ancestors
  • Pitra Mokshya Amavasya or Mahalaya Shraddha – Last day of Shraddha Period

Sun Transition in Rashi’s for Marriages to take place

Marriages should be held when the Sun is transiting through following Rashis:

  • Mesha / Aries
  • Vrishabha / Taurus
  • Mithuna / Gemini
  • Vrischika / Scorpio
  • Makara / Capricorn
  • Kumbha / Aquarius

Marriages should not be held when the Sun is transiting through following Rashis

  • Karka / Cancer
  • Simha / Leo
  • Kanya / Virgo
  • Tula / Libra
  • Dhanu / Sagittarius
  • Meena / Pisces

Concept of Holashtak, Shukra tara & Guru tara Asta and Singhast Guru

Holashtak

It refers to the 8 day inauspicious period just before the celebrations of Holi. The period of Holashtak is supposed to be unfavourable by most of the Hindu communities in North India.

Holashtak starts from the ‘Ashtami’ (8th day) of the ‘Shukla Paksha’ (the period of bright fortnight of moon) and continues till the ‘Purnima’ (full moon day) of the ‘Falgun’ month.

The last day of Holashtak, that is, Falgun Purnima – Holika Dahan is performed.

Shukra and Guru Tara Asta

Any shubh work including wedding are prohibited when Shukra Tara and Guru Tara are set. Hence no weddings take place when Venus and Jupiter are combusted or Asta (moudya).

Singhast Guru

When Guru (Jupiter) rashi is transiting through Singh (Leo) rashi, it is known as the Singhast Guru, as per the Vedic system of Astrology. The Singhast Guru is believed to be inauspicious for performing any shubh karya (activity) including marriage